Democratic Republic of Congo is the second largest country in Africa and 11th largest in the world. It is bordered by 9 countries. It is a country two thirds the size of Europe, and is rich in mineral and agricultural resources. Its official language is French and it is the most populated Francophone country in the world. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the site of the “deadliest conflict since World War II,” which has killed more than 5.4 million people. The conflict is driven by fighting to control the country vast mineral wealth. Coltan a mineral used to make cellphones and consumer electronics is in high demand in first world countries. There is constant fighting at and around the mines, with rebel groups armed by other countries. As a result of the war and the ongoing conflicts over minerals, the country’s infrastructure has been nearly destroyed. Poverty in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is widespread and severe, and it requires urgent attention. Life expectancy in the DRC is 49 years.
Learn about Africa’s World War:
Learn about Conflict Minerals:
Watch Crisis in the Congo. This short film explores the role of conflict minerals and the United States and its Allies Rwanda and Uganda in triggering the the greatest humanitarian crisis at the dawn of the 21 century.
READ ABOUT THE CONGO
King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism by Adam Hochschild
Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa by Jason Stearns
Africa’s World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the making of a Continental Catastrophe by Gerard Prunier